The Birth of the Book.
Around 540BC, monasteries were at the forefront of stressing the importance of copying texts. Clergy were the predominant readers of books.
Each person working on a book had a specific job.
•Calligraphers did the book production
•Copyists handled basic production and correspondence
•Correctors compared a finished book with the original manuscript.
•Illuminators painted the illustrations
Pages from the first books were made of parchment or calf skin. The book covers were made of wood and covered with leather. Spaces between the words in these books did not become commonplace until well into the 12th century. Talk about one long run-on sentence.
These copies were so rare and valuable that any on display were usually chained to the desk or bookshelf they sat on.
Aren't a lot of places still doing that?
Oh, right. We chain our pens. That makes sense.